Now that we’ve assembled the cake layer of our cupcake, the raw data, it’s time to apply the frosting - that is, transform that raw data into answers to our questions.

Our tool to do that will be 10 key Google Sheets formulas, which will allow you to do all the data wrangling you’ll ever need to do.  

You’ll learn them from within an interactive spreadsheet I built - so if you know a formula already, feel free to skip through to the next tab over.